Difference between revisions of "Blog 04"

From BitWizard WIKI
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 2: Line 2:
  
 
In this blog, I am going to show how to make a clock including load averages visible on your RPi_UI board's display.
 
In this blog, I am going to show how to make a clock including load averages visible on your RPi_UI board's display.
The code I used is:
+
The code I putted in a script is:
  
 
  #!/bin/bash
 
  #!/bin/bash
Line 48: Line 48:
  
  
 +
To make script you have to do:
 +
nano Clock
 +
( You can change the name Clock also with something else. )
  
 +
In the script you have to copy paste the code from above. ( Note: If you don't have a i2c-1 you of course have to use something else )
  
 +
./Clock  or sh Clock
 +
To run it. This gave a error.
  
 
+
You have to add
load
+
  chmod +x timer
+
To make your command for running Clock.
( use ctrl c to get out of the code ) ( ctrl z to let the code continue )
 
 
 
 
 
  nano timer  
 
sh timer
 
 
 
echo $PATH
 
 
 
/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin
 
 
   
 
   
sh mods.x^C
+
Do:
chmod +x timer
 
 
  ls -l  
 
  ls -l  
 +
To look which commands are executable:
  
 
  total 56  
 
  total 56  
Line 72: Line 69:
 
  drwxr-xr-x 5 pi  pi    4096 Sep  3 10:27 bw_rpi_tools  
 
  drwxr-xr-x 5 pi  pi    4096 Sep  3 10:27 bw_rpi_tools  
 
  drwxrwxr-x 2 pi  pi    4096 Jan 27  2015 python_games  
 
  drwxrwxr-x 2 pi  pi    4096 Jan 27  2015 python_games  
  -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  480 Sep  7 08:47 timer
+
  -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  480 Sep  7 08:47 Clock
 
  drwxr-xr-x 9 pi  pi    4096 Aug 31 14:04 wiringPi  
 
  drwxr-xr-x 9 pi  pi    4096 Aug 31 14:04 wiringPi  
  
  ./timer
+
If the x's are visible in your line you can use it.
 +
 
 +
  ./Clock or sh Clock
 +
 
 +
[[File:RaspberryPiClock.png|400px|thumb|none|]]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
== Change Time ==
 +
 
  
With my raspberry I sadly had the problem that it was 2 hours earlier in time. So, I had to change it to the correct current time.  
+
With my raspberry I had the problem that it was 2 hours earlier in time. So, I had to change it to the correct current time.  
  
I changed the time manually:
+
I changed the time manually.
to see the current time:
+
To see the current time:
 
  uname -a  
 
  uname -a  
 
Linux seniorservix 3.18.11-v7+ #781 SMP PREEMPT Tue Apr 21 18:07:59 BST 2015 armv7l GNU/Linux  
 
Linux seniorservix 3.18.11-v7+ #781 SMP PREEMPT Tue Apr 21 18:07:59 BST 2015 armv7l GNU/Linux  
  
Give the current date:
+
To Give the current date:
 
month-day-hours-minutes – year  .  seconds  
 
month-day-hours-minutes – year  .  seconds  
  
( always add a zero before a number than is under 10! so 8 = 08  )
+
( Always add a zero before a number than is under 10! so 8 = 08  )
So 12:13:14 7 september 2015  becomes:
+
 
 +
Example of time:
 +
12:13:14 7 september 2015  becomes:
 
090712132015.14  
 
090712132015.14  
  
 +
To use it add date for it:
 
  date 090711002015.00  
 
  date 090711002015.00  
 +
The terminal will print out:
 
Mon Sep  7 11:00:00 UTC 2015  
 
Mon Sep  7 11:00:00 UTC 2015  
  
Line 100: Line 109:
 
It directly printed the correct time that I gave.  
 
It directly printed the correct time that I gave.  
  
[[File:RaspberryPiClock.png|400px|thumb|none|]]
+
The Raspberry Pi will remember the time you gave it so don't be scared to turn off or reboot your Raspberry Pi!
 
 
( when you turn it off and of by ctrl x and z it will also just come back to the right time. )
 
  
 
On [[Blog 05]] I will print the temperature on the display.
 
On [[Blog 05]] I will print the temperature on the display.

Revision as of 12:48, 16 September 2015

!BETA!

In this blog, I am going to show how to make a clock including load averages visible on your RPi_UI board's display. The code I putted in a script is:

#!/bin/bash

# What display to use: 
DISPL="bw_tool -I -D /dev/i2c-1 -a 94"
# e.g. for SPI use: 
#DISPL="bw_tool -D /dev/spidev1.0 -a 94"

#clean the display
$DISPL -W 10:0:b

while true; do
       #get cpu loads
       load=`cut -d' ' -f-3 /proc/loadavg`
   
       #print the current time 
       $DISPL -W 11:00:b
       $DISPL -t `date +%H:%M:%S`

       #print the load averages
       $DISPL -W 11:20:b
       $DISPL -t $load

       #idle for 5 seconds
       sleep 5
done


Code used from the User Interface page.


Code extra explanation:

DISPL="bw_tool -I -D /dev/i2c-1 -a 94"

This code is made so you don't have a big mess of a code. The codes with $DISPL reference to this code. So instead of always typing bw_tool -I -D /dev/i2c-1 -a 94, he directly knows he has to use the one form DISPL, which is the same.

$DISPL -W 10:0:b

The -W 10:00 removes the previous text, and the :b is for doing it in bytes. This is not really needed but, with it you know for sure every command is going fine.

$DISPL -W 11:00:b

-W -11:00 is for defining on which line you want your text. That is for 11:00 the first line and with 11:20 the second line.


To make script you have to do: nano Clock ( You can change the name Clock also with something else. )

In the script you have to copy paste the code from above. ( Note: If you don't have a i2c-1 you of course have to use something else )

./Clock  or sh Clock

To run it. This gave a error.

You have to add

chmod +x timer

To make your command for running Clock.

Do:

ls -l 

To look which commands are executable:

total 56 
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root     0 Sep  3 14:10 _ 
drwxr-xr-x 5 pi   pi    4096 Sep  3 10:27 bw_rpi_tools 
drwxrwxr-x 2 pi   pi    4096 Jan 27  2015 python_games 
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   480 Sep  7 08:47 Clock 
drwxr-xr-x 9 pi   pi    4096 Aug 31 14:04 wiringPi 

If the x's are visible in your line you can use it.

./Clock or sh Clock 
RaspberryPiClock.png


Change Time

With my raspberry I had the problem that it was 2 hours earlier in time. So, I had to change it to the correct current time.

I changed the time manually. To see the current time:

uname -a 

Linux seniorservix 3.18.11-v7+ #781 SMP PREEMPT Tue Apr 21 18:07:59 BST 2015 armv7l GNU/Linux

To Give the current date: month-day-hours-minutes – year . seconds

( Always add a zero before a number than is under 10! so 8 = 08 )

Example of time: 12:13:14 7 september 2015 becomes: 090712132015.14

To use it add date for it:

date 090711002015.00 

The terminal will print out: Mon Sep 7 11:00:00 UTC 2015

At this point the original time was still visible on the screen. So I removed it from the screen and printed it out again.

bw_tool -I -D /dev/i2c-1 -a 94 -w 10:00 
./timer 

It directly printed the correct time that I gave.

The Raspberry Pi will remember the time you gave it so don't be scared to turn off or reboot your Raspberry Pi!

On Blog 05 I will print the temperature on the display.